XML Security Library

LibXML2
LibXSLT
OpenSSL

Verifying a signature with X509 certificates.

verify3.c

/**
 * XML Security Library example: Verifying a file signed with X509 certificate
 *
 * Verifies a file signed with X509 certificate. 
 * 
 * This example was developed and tested with OpenSSL crypto library. The 
 * certificates management policies for another crypto library may break it.
 *
 * Usage: 
 *      verify3 <signed-file> <trusted-cert-pem-file1> [<trusted-cert-pem-file2> [...]]
 *
 * Example:
 *      ./verify3 sign3-res.xml ca2cert.pem cacert.pem
 * 
 * This is free software; see Copyright file in the source
 * distribution for preciese wording.
 * 
 * Copyright (C) 2002-2016 Aleksey Sanin <aleksey@aleksey.com>. All Rights Reserved.
 */
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <assert.h>

#include <libxml/tree.h>
#include <libxml/xmlmemory.h>
#include <libxml/parser.h>

#ifndef XMLSEC_NO_XSLT
#include <libxslt/xslt.h>
#include <libxslt/security.h>
#endif /* XMLSEC_NO_XSLT */

#include <xmlsec/xmlsec.h>
#include <xmlsec/xmltree.h>
#include <xmlsec/xmldsig.h>
#include <xmlsec/crypto.h>

xmlSecKeysMngrPtr load_trusted_certs(char** files, int files_size);
int verify_file(xmlSecKeysMngrPtr mngr, const char* xml_file);

int 
main(int argc, char **argv) {
#ifndef XMLSEC_NO_XSLT
    xsltSecurityPrefsPtr xsltSecPrefs = NULL;
#endif /* XMLSEC_NO_XSLT */
    xmlSecKeysMngrPtr mngr;
    
    assert(argv);

    if(argc < 3) {
        fprintf(stderr, "Error: wrong number of arguments.\n");
        fprintf(stderr, "Usage: %s <xml-file> <cert-file1> [<cert-file2> [...]]\n", argv[0]);
        return(1);
    }

    /* Init libxml and libxslt libraries */
    xmlInitParser();
    LIBXML_TEST_VERSION
    xmlLoadExtDtdDefaultValue = XML_DETECT_IDS | XML_COMPLETE_ATTRS;
    xmlSubstituteEntitiesDefault(1);
#ifndef XMLSEC_NO_XSLT
    xmlIndentTreeOutput = 1; 
#endif /* XMLSEC_NO_XSLT */

    /* Init libxslt */
#ifndef XMLSEC_NO_XSLT
    /* disable everything */
    xsltSecPrefs = xsltNewSecurityPrefs(); 
    xsltSetSecurityPrefs(xsltSecPrefs,  XSLT_SECPREF_READ_FILE,        xsltSecurityForbid);
    xsltSetSecurityPrefs(xsltSecPrefs,  XSLT_SECPREF_WRITE_FILE,       xsltSecurityForbid);
    xsltSetSecurityPrefs(xsltSecPrefs,  XSLT_SECPREF_CREATE_DIRECTORY, xsltSecurityForbid);
    xsltSetSecurityPrefs(xsltSecPrefs,  XSLT_SECPREF_READ_NETWORK,     xsltSecurityForbid);
    xsltSetSecurityPrefs(xsltSecPrefs,  XSLT_SECPREF_WRITE_NETWORK,    xsltSecurityForbid);
    xsltSetDefaultSecurityPrefs(xsltSecPrefs); 
#endif /* XMLSEC_NO_XSLT */
                
    /* Init xmlsec library */
    if(xmlSecInit() < 0) {
        fprintf(stderr, "Error: xmlsec initialization failed.\n");
        return(-1);
    }

    /* Check loaded library version */
    if(xmlSecCheckVersion() != 1) {
        fprintf(stderr, "Error: loaded xmlsec library version is not compatible.\n");
        return(-1);
    }

    /* Load default crypto engine if we are supporting dynamic
     * loading for xmlsec-crypto libraries. Use the crypto library
     * name ("openssl", "nss", etc.) to load corresponding 
     * xmlsec-crypto library.
     */
#ifdef XMLSEC_CRYPTO_DYNAMIC_LOADING
    if(xmlSecCryptoDLLoadLibrary(NULL) < 0) {
        fprintf(stderr, "Error: unable to load default xmlsec-crypto library. Make sure\n"
                        "that you have it installed and check shared libraries path\n"
                        "(LD_LIBRARY_PATH and/or LTDL_LIBRARY_PATH) envornment variables.\n");
        return(-1);     
    }
#endif /* XMLSEC_CRYPTO_DYNAMIC_LOADING */

    /* Init crypto library */
    if(xmlSecCryptoAppInit(NULL) < 0) {
        fprintf(stderr, "Error: crypto initialization failed.\n");
        return(-1);
    }

    /* Init xmlsec-crypto library */
    if(xmlSecCryptoInit() < 0) {
        fprintf(stderr, "Error: xmlsec-crypto initialization failed.\n");
        return(-1);
    }

    /* create keys manager and load trusted certificates */
    mngr = load_trusted_certs(&(argv[2]), argc - 2);
    if(mngr == NULL) {
        return(-1);
    }
    
    /* verify file */
    if(verify_file(mngr, argv[1]) < 0) {
        xmlSecKeysMngrDestroy(mngr);    
        return(-1);
    }    
    
    /* destroy keys manager */
    xmlSecKeysMngrDestroy(mngr);
    
    /* Shutdown xmlsec-crypto library */
    xmlSecCryptoShutdown();
    
    /* Shutdown crypto library */
    xmlSecCryptoAppShutdown();
    
    /* Shutdown xmlsec library */
    xmlSecShutdown();

    /* Shutdown libxslt/libxml */
#ifndef XMLSEC_NO_XSLT
    xsltFreeSecurityPrefs(xsltSecPrefs);
    xsltCleanupGlobals();            
#endif /* XMLSEC_NO_XSLT */
    xmlCleanupParser();
    
    return(0);
}

/**
 * load_trusted_certs:
 * @files:              the list of filenames.
 * @files_size:         the number of filenames in #files.
 *
 * Creates simple keys manager and load trusted certificates from PEM #files.
 * The caller is responsible for destroing returned keys manager using
 * @xmlSecKeysMngrDestroy.
 *
 * Returns the pointer to newly created keys manager or NULL if an error
 * occurs.
 */
xmlSecKeysMngrPtr 
load_trusted_certs(char** files, int files_size) {
    xmlSecKeysMngrPtr mngr;
    int i;
        
    assert(files);
    assert(files_size > 0);
    
    /* create and initialize keys manager, we use a simple list based
     * keys manager, implement your own xmlSecKeysStore klass if you need
     * something more sophisticated 
     */
    mngr = xmlSecKeysMngrCreate();
    if(mngr == NULL) {
        fprintf(stderr, "Error: failed to create keys manager.\n");
        return(NULL);
    }
    if(xmlSecCryptoAppDefaultKeysMngrInit(mngr) < 0) {
        fprintf(stderr, "Error: failed to initialize keys manager.\n");
        xmlSecKeysMngrDestroy(mngr);
        return(NULL);
    }    
    
    for(i = 0; i < files_size; ++i) {
        assert(files[i]);

        /* load trusted cert */
        if(xmlSecCryptoAppKeysMngrCertLoad(mngr, files[i], xmlSecKeyDataFormatPem, xmlSecKeyDataTypeTrusted) < 0) {
            fprintf(stderr,"Error: failed to load pem certificate from \"%s\"\n", files[i]);
            xmlSecKeysMngrDestroy(mngr);
            return(NULL);
        }
    }

    return(mngr);
}

/** 
 * verify_file:
 * @mngr:               the pointer to keys manager.
 * @xml_file:           the signed XML file name.
 *
 * Verifies XML signature in #xml_file.
 *
 * Returns 0 on success or a negative value if an error occurs.
 */
int 
verify_file(xmlSecKeysMngrPtr mngr, const char* xml_file) {
    xmlDocPtr doc = NULL;
    xmlNodePtr node = NULL;
    xmlSecDSigCtxPtr dsigCtx = NULL;
    int res = -1;
    
    assert(mngr);
    assert(xml_file);

    /* load file */
    doc = xmlParseFile(xml_file);
    if ((doc == NULL) || (xmlDocGetRootElement(doc) == NULL)){
        fprintf(stderr, "Error: unable to parse file \"%s\"\n", xml_file);
        goto done;      
    }
    
    /* find start node */
    node = xmlSecFindNode(xmlDocGetRootElement(doc), xmlSecNodeSignature, xmlSecDSigNs);
    if(node == NULL) {
        fprintf(stderr, "Error: start node not found in \"%s\"\n", xml_file);
        goto done;      
    }

    /* create signature context */
    dsigCtx = xmlSecDSigCtxCreate(mngr);
    if(dsigCtx == NULL) {
        fprintf(stderr,"Error: failed to create signature context\n");
        goto done;
    }

    /* Verify signature */
    if(xmlSecDSigCtxVerify(dsigCtx, node) < 0) {
        fprintf(stderr,"Error: signature verify\n");
        goto done;
    }
        
    /* print verification result to stdout */
    if(dsigCtx->status == xmlSecDSigStatusSucceeded) {
        fprintf(stdout, "Signature is OK\n");
    } else {
        fprintf(stdout, "Signature is INVALID\n");
    }    

    /* success */
    res = 0;

done:    
    /* cleanup */
    if(dsigCtx != NULL) {
        xmlSecDSigCtxDestroy(dsigCtx);
    }
    
    if(doc != NULL) {
        xmlFreeDoc(doc); 
    }
    return(res);
}