Transforms and transforms chain.
XML Digital Signature and XML Encryption standards are
very flexible and provide an XML developer many different ways to
sign or encrypt any part (or even parts) of an XML document.
The key for such great flexibility is the "transforms" model.
Transform is defined as a method of pre-processing binary or XML data
before calculating digest or signature. XML Security Library extends
this definition and names "transform" any operation performed on
the data: reading data from an URI, xml parsing, xml transformation,
calculation digest, encrypting or decrypting. Each XML Security Library
transform provides at least one of the following callbacks:
One additional execute
callback was added to simplify the development and reduce code size.
This callback is used by default
implementations of the four external callbacks from the list above.
For example, most of the crypto transforms could be implemented by
just implementing one "execute" callback and using default push/pop
binary data callbacks. However, in some cases using push/pop callbacks
directly is more efficient.
Figure 9. The XML Security Library transform.
XML Security Library constructs transforms chain according to the
signature/encryption template or signed/encrypted document.
If necessary, XML Security Library inserts XML parser or defaul
canonicalization to ensure that the output data type (binary or XML)
of previous transform matches the input of the next transform.
The data are processed by pushing through or poping from the chain
depending on the transforms in the chain. For example, then binary
data chunk is pushed through a binary-to-binary transform, it
processes this chunk and pushes the result to the next transform
in the chain.
Figure 10. Transforms chain created for <dsig:Reference/> element processing.
Example 23. Walking through transforms chain.